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中国体育报 | 落实全民健身国家战略 推动健康中国建设——《“十四五”体育发展规划》全民健身内容解读
时间:2020-11-19  

全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)是增强(qiang)人民(min)(min)体魄、追求(qiu)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)生(sheng)活的(de)基础(chu)和保障,是实现国(guo)民(min)(min)主(zhu)动健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)的(de)核心力量。“十(shi)四五”时期(qi)(qi)是把全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)国(guo)家战略(lve)落实落细的(de)关键时期(qi)(qi),整个全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)工作要(yao)(yao)以(yi)高质量发展为主(zhu)题,既要(yao)(yao)承上启下巩固提升全(quan)(quan)面建成小康(kang)社会阶段的(de)全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)发展成果,又要(yao)(yao)深入落实为建设社会主(zhu)义现代化强(qiang)国(guo)夯实健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)基础(chu)的(de)新要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)。《“十(shi)四五”体育(yu)发展规划》(以(yi)下简称《规划》)中关于全(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)的(de)部(bu)署鲜明体现了上述要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)。

 

一、以构建更高水平的全民健身公共服务体系承上启下

完(wan)善全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)体(ti)系(xi),不(bu)(bu)断(duan)提(ti)(ti)(ti)高(gao)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)水(shui)(shui)平(ping),是(shi)我(wo)国(guo)体(ti)育事业发展的中(zhong)心工作。多年来(lai),我(wo)们坚持共(gong)建(jian)(jian)共(gong)享的原则,不(bu)(bu)断(duan)提(ti)(ti)(ti)高(gao)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)均等化水(shui)(shui)平(ping),到2020年,与(yu)(yu)(yu)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面建(jian)(jian)成(cheng)小康社会相适(shi)应的全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)体(ti)系(xi)基本建(jian)(jian)成(cheng),但与(yu)(yu)(yu)人民(min)(min)(min)(min)日(ri)益增长的健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)需求(qiu)比较,也存在全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)供给(ji)(ji)不(bu)(bu)充分(fen)与(yu)(yu)(yu)不(bu)(bu)平(ping)衡(heng)(heng)问题。《规划》为(wei)我(wo)们呈现了(le)更(geng)(geng)(geng)高(gao)水(shui)(shui)平(ping)的全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)体(ti)系(xi)蓝图,即体(ti)制(zhi)机制(zhi)更(geng)(geng)(geng)灵活、要素支撑更(geng)(geng)(geng)强大、资源分(fen)布(bu)更(geng)(geng)(geng)均衡(heng)(heng)、健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)设施更(geng)(geng)(geng)便捷、赛事活动更(geng)(geng)(geng)丰(feng)富、体(ti)育组织更(geng)(geng)(geng)健(jian)(jian)(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)、健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)指导更(geng)(geng)(geng)科学、群众参与(yu)(yu)(yu)更(geng)(geng)(geng)广泛。围绕构建(jian)(jian)更(geng)(geng)(geng)高(gao)水(shui)(shui)平(ping)的全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)体(ti)系(xi),从广泛开展全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)活动、推进全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)场地(di)设施建(jian)(jian)设、提(ti)(ti)(ti)高(gao)科学健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)指导水(shui)(shui)平(ping)三个方面提(ti)(ti)(ti)出了(le)具体(ti)任务(wu)措施,特别是(shi)创新性(xing)地(di)提(ti)(ti)(ti)出“五大工程”,使构建(jian)(jian)更(geng)(geng)(geng)高(gao)水(shui)(shui)平(ping)的全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)体(ti)系(xi)更(geng)(geng)(geng)接地(di)气,抓住(zhu)了(le)解决全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)公(gong)(gong)(gong)共(gong)服(fu)务(wu)供给(ji)(ji)不(bu)(bu)充分(fen)与(yu)(yu)(yu)不(bu)(bu)平(ping)衡(heng)(heng)问题的“牛鼻子”。

构(gou)建(jian)更(geng)高水平的全(quan)民(min)健(jian)身(shen)(shen)公(gong)共服(fu)务(wu)体系(xi),要求(qiu)建(jian)立(li)国家标准(zhun)(zhun)与地方标准(zhun)(zhun)相融合的全(quan)民(min)健(jian)身(shen)(shen)公(gong)共服(fu)务(wu)标准(zhun)(zhun)体系(xi),国家标准(zhun)(zhun)保证全(quan)民(min)健(jian)身(shen)(shen)公(gong)共服(fu)务(wu)的“下限”,有条件的地方尽量提高其“上限”,并以(yi)全(quan)民(min)运动健(jian)身(shen)(shen)模范(fan)市、县(市、区(qu))创建(jian)为抓手,从整体上构(gou)建(jian)出更(geng)高水平的全(quan)民(min)健(jian)身(shen)(shen)公(gong)共服(fu)务(wu)体系(xi)。

 

二、以推动全民健身与全民健康深度融合夯实健康基础

推动(dong)(dong)全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)身和全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)深度融(rong)合(he)(he),是我(wo)国(guo)卫生(sheng)与(yu)(yu)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)工作(zuo)由“以(yi)治病为中(zhong)(zhong)心”向“以(yi)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)为中(zhong)(zhong)心”转变(bian)对全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)身和全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)两大民(min)生(sheng)工程提(ti)出的(de)新(xin)要(yao)求。《规划(hua)》从完(wan)善全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)身与(yu)(yu)全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)深度融(rong)合(he)(he)的(de)协同联动(dong)(dong)机制,细化落实(shi)(shi)专(zhuan)项行动(dong)(dong)计划(hua);建立运动(dong)(dong)促进(jin)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)新(xin)模式(shi),开(kai)(kai)展运动(dong)(dong)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)促进(jin)中(zhong)(zhong)心试点工作(zuo);加强人才培养,建立体卫融(rong)合(he)(he)重点实(shi)(shi)验室,完(wan)善运动(dong)(dong)处方(fang)库(ku);开(kai)(kai)展老年人非医疗健(jian)(jian)康(kang)干预等方(fang)面提(ti)出任务要(yao)求。使全(quan)(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)身与(yu)(yu)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)实(shi)(shi)现“两个一百年”奋斗目(mu)标相契合(he)(he),为实(shi)(shi)现中(zhong)(zhong)华民(min)族伟大复兴(xing)的(de)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)梦(meng)奠定坚实(shi)(shi)的(de)健(jian)(jian)康(kang)基石。

深(shen)入推(tui)动全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)与(yu)(yu)(yu)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)深(shen)度融(rong)合要贯彻和落(luo)实“以人(ren)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)为中心(xin)”的(de)大(da)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)观(guan)、大(da)卫生观(guan),把全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)纳入各(ge)级政(zheng)府大(da)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)治理体系,综合运用政(zheng)策引导、资(zi)金(jin)支持、政(zheng)绩评(ping)价和表彰激励(li)等手段,切实推(tui)进(jin)相(xiang)关工作。建立全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)与(yu)(yu)(yu)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)深(shen)度融(rong)合的(de)职业(ye)资(zi)格认(ren)证制(zhi)度,形成(cheng)高校人(ren)才培养与(yu)(yu)(yu)就业(ye)的(de)良性循环。完善有(you)利(li)于促(cu)(cu)进(jin)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)与(yu)(yu)(yu)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)深(shen)度融(rong)合的(de)政(zheng)策法规,实现全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)与(yu)(yu)(yu)全(quan)民(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)深(shen)度融(rong)合的(de)规范化(hua)、制(zhi)度化(hua)和程(cheng)序(xu)化(hua)。鼓励(li)基层改革创新(xin)大(da)胆探索,建立体卫协同、全(quan)社会共同参与(yu)(yu)(yu)的(de)运动促(cu)(cu)进(jin)健(jian)(jian)(jian)康(kang)(kang)(kang)(kang)新(xin)模式(shi)。

 

三、以智慧化赋能推进全民健身高质量发展

全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)智(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)化(hua)是实(shi)现全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)服务精准化(hua)、便捷化(hua),培育(yu)全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)新(xin)业(ye)(ye)态,推进全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)资源整合(he)、共享(xiang)的(de)(de)重要途径。《规(gui)划》从推进“互(hu)(hu)联网+健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)”“物联网+健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)”;创建(jian)数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字化(hua)全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)服务平(ping)台;推动(dong)建(jian)立国家、省(sheng)(区、市)、市三级(ji)互(hu)(hu)联互(hu)(hu)通的(de)(de)全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)信息(xi)服务平(ping)台;试点开(kai)展“全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)运动(dong)码”等方面提(ti)出任务举措。“十四五”时(shi)期(qi),各地(di)要把(ba)握数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)字化(hua)转型(xing)的(de)(de)新(xin)趋势,围绕数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)采集(ji)、模型(xing)算(suan)法、应用(yong)场(chang)景(jing)(jing)等关(guan)键问题,大(da)力提(ti)升体(ti)育(yu)场(chang)地(di)设(she)施的(de)(de)智(zhi)(zhi)慧(hui)化(hua)水平(ping),实(shi)现对健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)场(chang)景(jing)(jing)的(de)(de)科学(xue)管(guan)理、安(an)全(quan)监控、及时(shi)维护,自动(dong)采集(ji)和分(fen)析群众(zhong)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju),增(zeng)强健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)场(chang)景(jing)(jing)对群众(zhong)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)的(de)(de)吸引力;从基础设(she)施、接(jie)口、业(ye)(ye)务、数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)、安(an)全(quan)和管(guan)理等方面,形(xing)成全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)信息(xi)服务平(ping)台的(de)(de)建(jian)设(she)标准和管(guan)理规(gui)范,实(shi)现不同(tong)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)场(chang)景(jing)(jing)的(de)(de)数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)融合(he)、业(ye)(ye)务协同(tong)、互(hu)(hu)联互(hu)(hu)通、服务主动(dong),满足使用(yong)者、监管(guan)者、服务者的(de)(de)需要;加强全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)大(da)数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)的(de)(de)采集(ji)与应用(yong),进行全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)效应的(de)(de)长期(qi)跟踪和数(shu)(shu)(shu)(shu)据(ju)挖掘,切实(shi)解(jie)决健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)促进健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)康效益无法定量评估问题,发(fa)现体(ti)育(yu)领域的(de)(de)新(xin)现象(xiang),揭(jie)示全(quan)民(min)(min)(min)(min)健(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)身(shen)(shen)(shen)(shen)发(fa)展的(de)(de)新(xin)规(gui)律。(上海体(ti)育(yu)学(xue)院(yuan)卢文云/文 部分(fen)图片转自新(xin)华社(she) 戴天骄(jiao)制作)

 

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